a column in the name of Noubkheperre Intef recovered by Petrie in the site of the temple of Osiris.
Its duration occupies all
the Second Intermediate Period. In parallel,
in the Delta, the Hyksoses found the
15th dynasty. In the south, the Nubienses seize a part of the territory. The local governors
tend to take their autonomy. The monumental art
degenerates, the centers of traditions as Menphis being lost. It is a dynasty of
transition. It only controled the Upper Egypt and a part of the Middle Egypt. The Pharaohs of this dynasty had to pour a tribute
to the Hyksoses.
number, nor the succession of the kings of the 17th Dynasty is not known
with certainty. In a recent article, Vandersleyen proposes
an order different of the one
of Vernus and
Yoyotte. The most known Pharaohs of the first phase are the brothers Intef.
Intef Noubkheperre, (ex Intef V, now Intef VII) shaped a cartel with the provinces of
Coptos and Abydos to counter the Hyksoses. He constructed in
the temple of
Osiris in Abydos. Petrie there recovered
some columns w
ith his name (Petrie, 1902, Abydos, Part I, LV and LVI plates).
are full of brutality and war. King Intef VII
has been buried
with his weapons. Also testify the king's mummy that follows shortly after, Seqenenre Djehuty-Aa (ex. Taa) recovered with a bent body, a bumpy face and a skull pierced with holes.
The reconquest of the territory by these
princes or Theban kings were only finished with Kamosis at the
end of this dynasty and especially with
Amosis that founded the 18th
From the end of this period, the Museum of the Louvre possesses the
stele C90 of Iat.